Different Categories of Academic Writing You Must Know

Academic writing is a formal style of writing required in educational institutions and scholarly publications. It requires you to be concise and to the point while writing. Academic writing needs to be focused and well-structured. Furthermore, you have to come up with supporting shreds of evidence to make your point. Pieces of evidence and references are also important ingredients of academic writing to remove the elements of partiality. Therefore, it demands to have a voracious study of the literature. In contrast, you cannot add your personal and emotive stances in academic writing. For example, essays, research papers and dissertations are some of the examples of academic writing. It follows some specific conventions and techniques in terms of content, structure and style.  Moving on, the following are four major categories of academic writing that you must know:

1.      Descriptive

It is the simplest form of academic writing. In this category of dissertation writing services, the writer describes the situation, place, object or feeling in a way that the reader can picturize it in his/her mind. Furthermore, it includes facts or information in the writing to let the visualize and evaluate the reader.

For instance, the summary of an article or report of research results is an example of descriptive writing. You must be knowing that instructions such as identify, summarize, define and report require you to write in the descriptive style of writing.

2.      Analytical

It is important to know that academic writing can be following more than one convention and technique at a time. It is hard to have an academic paper purely based on descriptive style. It also needs to be analytical. Therefore, analytical writing may also include descriptive writing but you have to reorganize the information provided in the description for the analysis. You must also know the instructions that require analytical writings. These instructions include analyse, compare, contrast, relate and examine to adopt analytical writing.

You must be knowing that how you can make your academic write more analytically. Therefore, first and foremost, you need to have a brainstorming session. It will help you in chalking out ideas and facts to be incorporated into your writing. Second, you need to classify whatever you have found. For example, pros and cons. Third, you need to write a section or a paragraph for each one of the analytical categories. And fourth, you need to structure your papers to facilitate the reader by using a clear introduction and topic sentence.

3.      Persuasive

Moving on, persuasive writing has all the properties of analytical writing with the addition of your insight into the academic papers. You will find the elements of persuasive writing in the discussion or conclusion of a research paper.

Your insights can be incorporated in terms of recommendations, interpretations of the key results, arguments or evaluations of other relevant works. However, it must not be forgotten that your insight must be supported by some solid evidence.


Different Categories of Academic Writing


Let me tell you what it takes to have your point of view. Firstly, you need to study other writers relevant to your topic. You can grab the points that convince you. Secondly, evaluate the patterns in the data or references to know the strongest evidence. Thirdly, make an account of different interpretations and compare them with each other. It will result in getting the most appropriate point of view of your study. Lastly, you can discuss the facts and ideas with someone else to get feedback.

4.      Critical

It is the most prominent writing style for research and advanced writing in undergraduate and postgraduate. Similarly, it also shares all the characteristics of persuasive writing with the addition of considering at least two points of view including your own.

Critical writing is the category of academic writing that includes the critique of a journal article or a literature review. It identifies the strengths and weaknesses of the existing research. Some keywords indicate that you have to opt for critical writing. These keywords include critique, debate, disagree and evaluate.

For instance, you can explain the interpretation of the researcher at first then you can evaluate then you can give your interpretation while evaluating the work of the researcher. However, you need to keep in mind that it requires strong writing skills. Furthermore, you need a thorough understanding of the topic and issue.

To do this, you need to collect all the key points, interpretations, assumptions or methodology in a summarized manner. Moving on, you need to make your own opinion about the work. You have to chalk out the weakness and strengths of the work. You can also give the alternatives to have better results. In the end, you have to support your opinion with shreds of evidence. This evidence must be dependent on the specific requirements of discipline and assignment.


It is imperative to know different categories of academic writing to achieve the intended goal. Each category of academic writing has its specification and characteristics. Therefore, before starting any academic paper, you must chalk out the required category of academic writing to avoid any inconvenience.